EARTH

A team of evolutionary biologists at Harvard University, working with colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for Biological Intelligence, East Carolina University, Osaka University and the University of Toronto, has reconstructed the genome of an extinct...
Paleontologists at University College Cork (UCC) in Ireland have discovered that some feathered dinosaurs had scaly skin like reptiles today, thus shedding new light on the evolutionary transition from scales to feathers. The researchers studied a new...

How mantle movements shape Earth’s surface

The movement of tectonic plates shapes the rocky features of Earth's surface. Plates' convergence can form mountain ranges or ocean trenches, and their divergence...

A clock in the rocks: What cosmic rays tell us about Earth’s changing surface and climate

How often do mountains collapse, volcanoes erupt or ice sheets melt? For Earth scientists, these are important questions as we try to improve projections to...

In the Jersey suburbs, a search for rocks to help fight climate change

In early spring, George Okoko was perched on a ledge 15 feet up a crumbly cliff, trying to whack off a basketball-size piece of...

Study provides new global accounting of Earth’s rivers

The Colorado River supplies water to more than 40 million people as it snakes through seven U.S. states, including the part of southeastern Utah...

Herds of endangered hippos trapped in mud in drought-hit Botswana

Herds of endangered hippos stuck in the mud of dried-up ponds are in danger of dying in drought-struck Botswana, conservation authorities told AFP Friday. Southern...

New step in tectonic squeeze that turns seafloor into mountains

Scientists use tiny minerals called zircons as geologic timekeepers. Often no bigger than a grain of sand, these crystals record chemical signatures of the...

A new way to study and help prevent landslides

Landslides are one of the most destructive natural disasters on the planet, causing billions of dollars of damage and devastating loss of life every...

Researchers find oldest undisputed evidence of Earth’s magnetic field

A new study, led by the University of Oxford and MIT, has recovered a 3.7-billion-year-old record of Earth's magnetic field, and found that it...

Mantle heat may have boosted Earth’s crust 3 billion years ago

Little is known about the nature and evolution of Earth's continental crust before a few billion years ago because cratons, or stable swaths of...

A million years without a megaslide: Study goes deep into the Gulf of Alaska to investigate why

Earthquakes, volcanic activity, and sediment flux can trigger underwater landslides known as submarine slides, which can translate to tsunamis on the surface. Megaslides are...

Europe suffered record number of ‘extreme heat stress’ days in 2023

Europe endured a record number of "extreme heat stress" days in 2023, two leading climate monitors said Monday, underscoring the threat of increasingly deadly...

New geological study: Scandinavia was born in Greenland

In a Finnish outcrop nestled between some of Northern Europe’s oldest mountains, researchers have found traces of a previously hidden part of Earth’s crust...

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